T X of mmNAGS/K. The structure of hNAT is shown in pink ribbons. The structure of the NAT domain of subunit X of mmNAGS/K is shown in yellow ribbons. The bound NAG is shown in sky-blue sticks. The proposed bound CoA is shown in green sticks. Residues that are mentioned in text are shown in sticks. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070369.gStructure of Human N-Acetyl-L-Glutamate SynthaseTable 4. Enzyme activities of hNAT and active site mutants.Activity (mmoles/min/mg)a 1.0560.01 1.0460.01 0.07860.003 0.85760.004 0.15460.Sample WT WT+L-arginine (1 mM) Y485F Y441F N479A2 ml of the reagent solution from the sparse matrix Crystal Screens 1 and 2, and Index Screen (Hampton Research). The best crystals were grown from a reservoir solution containing 100 mM Bis-tris, pH 6.5, 35 PEG3350. Crystals were stick-shaped and took 2? days to reach a maximal length of 0.6 mm.Data Collection and Structure DeterminationCrystals were transferred from the crystallization plate to a well solution supplemented with 25 glycerol and then frozen directly by liquid nitrogen. Diffraction data were collected at beamline 22ID equipped with MAR300 CCD at the Advanced Photon source (APS), Argonne MedChemExpress CB5083 National Laboratory, USA. All data were processed using the HKL2000 package [25]; statistics are summarized in Table 1. The structure was solved by molecular replacement using Phaser [26,27] based on the NAT domain of mmNAGS/K structure of subunit X as a search model. After several cycles of refinements with Phenix [28] and model adjustments with Coot [29], NAG was visible in the electron density map and was built into the model. In the last run of the refinement, the translation/liberation/screw parameters were included and refined [30]. Two groups per subunit were selected according to the N-terminal arm (residues 375?69) and the Cterminal arm (470?27). Final R and Rfree values were 18.4 and 24.4 , respectively. Refinement statistics for the final refined model are given in Table 1. The final refined coordinates for NAG bound hNAT and its structure factors have been deposited in RCSB Protein Data Bank with accession code 4K30 and provided as Supplemental Materials.a Means 6 standard errors of means (n = 3) are shown. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070369.tcontaining 200 mM triethanolamine, pH 8.25 for three hours at 298 K. Samples of mNAGS with and without cross-linking reagent were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide get electrophoresis (NuPAGE 4?2 Bis-Tris gel) in MES SDS buffer (50 mM MES, 50 mM Tris base, 0.1 SDS, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.3) and Thiazole Orange stained with Coomassie blue. Samples of hNAGS with and without cross-linking reagent were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide get electrophoresis (NuPAGE 4?12 Bis-Tris gel) in MES SDS buffer (50 mM MES, 50 mM Tris base, 0.1 SDS, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.3) and stained with silver. Size marker controls consisted of proteins with defined molecular weights of protein standards purchased from Invitrogen.Gel-filtration ChromatographyMolecular weight of mNAGS and hNAGS were determined with a Superdex 200 HR 10/30 column (Amersham Biosciences) as previously described [5]. The running buffer contains 100 mM NaH2PO4 pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 10 glycerol, 1 mM bmercaptoethanol. Thyroglobulin (669 kDa), ferritin (440 kDa), ngNAGS (296.7 kDa), mmNAGS (200.5 kDa) and aldolase (158 kDa) were used as protein standards. Molecular weights of hNAT and the NAT domain of mouse NAGS (mNAT) were determined similarly, but with different protein stan.T X of mmNAGS/K. The structure of hNAT is shown in pink ribbons. The structure of the NAT domain of subunit X of mmNAGS/K is shown in yellow ribbons. The bound NAG is shown in sky-blue sticks. The proposed bound CoA is shown in green sticks. Residues that are mentioned in text are shown in sticks. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070369.gStructure of Human N-Acetyl-L-Glutamate SynthaseTable 4. Enzyme activities of hNAT and active site mutants.Activity (mmoles/min/mg)a 1.0560.01 1.0460.01 0.07860.003 0.85760.004 0.15460.Sample WT WT+L-arginine (1 mM) Y485F Y441F N479A2 ml of the reagent solution from the sparse matrix Crystal Screens 1 and 2, and Index Screen (Hampton Research). The best crystals were grown from a reservoir solution containing 100 mM Bis-tris, pH 6.5, 35 PEG3350. Crystals were stick-shaped and took 2? days to reach a maximal length of 0.6 mm.Data Collection and Structure DeterminationCrystals were transferred from the crystallization plate to a well solution supplemented with 25 glycerol and then frozen directly by liquid nitrogen. Diffraction data were collected at beamline 22ID equipped with MAR300 CCD at the Advanced Photon source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, USA. All data were processed using the HKL2000 package [25]; statistics are summarized in Table 1. The structure was solved by molecular replacement using Phaser [26,27] based on the NAT domain of mmNAGS/K structure of subunit X as a search model. After several cycles of refinements with Phenix [28] and model adjustments with Coot [29], NAG was visible in the electron density map and was built into the model. In the last run of the refinement, the translation/liberation/screw parameters were included and refined [30]. Two groups per subunit were selected according to the N-terminal arm (residues 375?69) and the Cterminal arm (470?27). Final R and Rfree values were 18.4 and 24.4 , respectively. Refinement statistics for the final refined model are given in Table 1. The final refined coordinates for NAG bound hNAT and its structure factors have been deposited in RCSB Protein Data Bank with accession code 4K30 and provided as Supplemental Materials.a Means 6 standard errors of means (n = 3) are shown. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070369.tcontaining 200 mM triethanolamine, pH 8.25 for three hours at 298 K. Samples of mNAGS with and without cross-linking reagent were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide get electrophoresis (NuPAGE 4?2 Bis-Tris gel) in MES SDS buffer (50 mM MES, 50 mM Tris base, 0.1 SDS, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.3) and stained with Coomassie blue. Samples of hNAGS with and without cross-linking reagent were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide get electrophoresis (NuPAGE 4?12 Bis-Tris gel) in MES SDS buffer (50 mM MES, 50 mM Tris base, 0.1 SDS, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.3) and stained with silver. Size marker controls consisted of proteins with defined molecular weights of protein standards purchased from Invitrogen.Gel-filtration ChromatographyMolecular weight of mNAGS and hNAGS were determined with a Superdex 200 HR 10/30 column (Amersham Biosciences) as previously described [5]. The running buffer contains 100 mM NaH2PO4 pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 10 glycerol, 1 mM bmercaptoethanol. Thyroglobulin (669 kDa), ferritin (440 kDa), ngNAGS (296.7 kDa), mmNAGS (200.5 kDa) and aldolase (158 kDa) were used as protein standards. Molecular weights of hNAT and the NAT domain of mouse NAGS (mNAT) were determined similarly, but with different protein stan.

T X of mmNAGS/K. The structure of hNAT is shown

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