At 0.56104 cells per well in 96-well plates, for Hsp detection cells were seeded at 0.56104 cells per well in 24-well plates. After 24 h subconfluent cells were exposed to different Cry1Ab concentrations for indicated time intervals. As a control, cells were kept under same conditions without Cry1Ab. For proteomic 58-49-1 profiling IPEC-J2 cells of different passages (35?0) were grown in 75 cm2 flasks. After reaching 80 confluence, the cells were washed and the medium was replaced. The cells were exposed to 1 mg/ml Cry1Ab for 24 h. For the control cells, the medium without Cry1Ab was used.DprE1-IN-2 web Transepithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) MeasurementFor TEER 15481974 measurements, the cells were seeded on clear polyester membrane cell culture inserts (SnapwellH, 12 mm diameter, 1.12 cm2 area, 0.4 mm pore size; Corning B.V., Schiphol-Rijk, Netherlands) at a density of 105 cells/1.12 cm2 and were allowed to differentiate for 7?0 days. TEER measurements were performed by using a Millicell-ERS (Electrical Resistance System; Millipore GmbH, Schwalbach, Germany). Cry1Ab was added when absolute TEER reached values at least of 2500 V ? cm2 indicating a confluent monolayer [22,26]. Increasing doses of Cry1Ab (0.1, 0.5, 1 mg/ml) or valinomycin (500 nM) were added at the apical side. The TEER was measured after 24 and 48 h of treatment.Purification of Cry1Ab ProteinCry1Ab was derived from the BMBF project 01K0-31P2614, Germany. The protoxin Cry1Ab was prepared with a standardised procedure from E. coli HB101/pMP as described by Nguyen [24]. Protoxins were activated by trypsinization and further purified, yielding a toxin comprising a primary structure similar to toxins present in transgenic plants. Size and purity were confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDSPAGE) [24]. Finally, Cry1Ab was stored in 0.5 mM CAPS buffer (pH 10.5). The toxicity was determined by a bioassay on susceptible Ostrinia nubilalis larvae and the LC50 value (toxin concentration at which 50 of the test animals die) was 50 ng/ cm2 for surface application [25]. The Cry1Ab toxin was stable in our cell culture system for at least 48 hours, as tested by immunoblotting using anti-Cry1Ab mouse monoclonal antibody kindly provided by Dr. Wal (INRA, France).Two-dimensional Differential in Gel Electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) AnalysisExtracts of total cell protein were prepared 24 h after exposure to 1 mg/ml Cry1Ab. Cultured cells were washed twice with icecold PBS, and lysed in lysis buffer (20 mM HEPES pH 7.8; 0.35 mM NaCl; 20 glycerol; 1 NP 40; 1 mM MgCl2; 1 mMImpact of Cry1Ab on Porcine Intestinal Cellsdithiothreitol; 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride; 0.5 mM EDTA; 0.5 mM EGTA; 0.5 mg/ml aprotinin and 1 mg/ml leupeptin) for 30 min at 4uC. Cell lysates were centrifuged at 16,000 g for 5 min, and the supernatants were used for 2-D DIGE. For 2-D DIGE, a pool consisting of equal amounts of each cell extract was prepared as an internal standard. Thus every protein from every sample was represented in this standard on all gels. This internal standard was always labeled with Cy2 and run together with individual samples, from control and Cry1Ab treated cells, labeled with other CyDyes (Cy3 or Cy5, GE Healthcare). Each sample (60 mg) was labeled with 480 pmol appropriate CyDye following the manufacturer’s protocol. The total volume of each labeled protein sample (3660 mg) was adjusted to 300 ml with DeStreak-TM Rehydration Solution (GE Healthcare). Samples were applied to isoelect.At 0.56104 cells per well in 96-well plates, for Hsp detection cells were seeded at 0.56104 cells per well in 24-well plates. After 24 h subconfluent cells were exposed to different Cry1Ab concentrations for indicated time intervals. As a control, cells were kept under same conditions without Cry1Ab. For proteomic profiling IPEC-J2 cells of different passages (35?0) were grown in 75 cm2 flasks. After reaching 80 confluence, the cells were washed and the medium was replaced. The cells were exposed to 1 mg/ml Cry1Ab for 24 h. For the control cells, the medium without Cry1Ab was used.Transepithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) MeasurementFor TEER 15481974 measurements, the cells were seeded on clear polyester membrane cell culture inserts (SnapwellH, 12 mm diameter, 1.12 cm2 area, 0.4 mm pore size; Corning B.V., Schiphol-Rijk, Netherlands) at a density of 105 cells/1.12 cm2 and were allowed to differentiate for 7?0 days. TEER measurements were performed by using a Millicell-ERS (Electrical Resistance System; Millipore GmbH, Schwalbach, Germany). Cry1Ab was added when absolute TEER reached values at least of 2500 V ? cm2 indicating a confluent monolayer [22,26]. Increasing doses of Cry1Ab (0.1, 0.5, 1 mg/ml) or valinomycin (500 nM) were added at the apical side. The TEER was measured after 24 and 48 h of treatment.Purification of Cry1Ab ProteinCry1Ab was derived from the BMBF project 01K0-31P2614, Germany. The protoxin Cry1Ab was prepared with a standardised procedure from E. coli HB101/pMP as described by Nguyen [24]. Protoxins were activated by trypsinization and further purified, yielding a toxin comprising a primary structure similar to toxins present in transgenic plants. Size and purity were confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDSPAGE) [24]. Finally, Cry1Ab was stored in 0.5 mM CAPS buffer (pH 10.5). The toxicity was determined by a bioassay on susceptible Ostrinia nubilalis larvae and the LC50 value (toxin concentration at which 50 of the test animals die) was 50 ng/ cm2 for surface application [25]. The Cry1Ab toxin was stable in our cell culture system for at least 48 hours, as tested by immunoblotting using anti-Cry1Ab mouse monoclonal antibody kindly provided by Dr. Wal (INRA, France).Two-dimensional Differential in Gel Electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) AnalysisExtracts of total cell protein were prepared 24 h after exposure to 1 mg/ml Cry1Ab. Cultured cells were washed twice with icecold PBS, and lysed in lysis buffer (20 mM HEPES pH 7.8; 0.35 mM NaCl; 20 glycerol; 1 NP 40; 1 mM MgCl2; 1 mMImpact of Cry1Ab on Porcine Intestinal Cellsdithiothreitol; 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride; 0.5 mM EDTA; 0.5 mM EGTA; 0.5 mg/ml aprotinin and 1 mg/ml leupeptin) for 30 min at 4uC. Cell lysates were centrifuged at 16,000 g for 5 min, and the supernatants were used for 2-D DIGE. For 2-D DIGE, a pool consisting of equal amounts of each cell extract was prepared as an internal standard. Thus every protein from every sample was represented in this standard on all gels. This internal standard was always labeled with Cy2 and run together with individual samples, from control and Cry1Ab treated cells, labeled with other CyDyes (Cy3 or Cy5, GE Healthcare). Each sample (60 mg) was labeled with 480 pmol appropriate CyDye following the manufacturer’s protocol. The total volume of each labeled protein sample (3660 mg) was adjusted to 300 ml with DeStreak-TM Rehydration Solution (GE Healthcare). Samples were applied to isoelect.

At 0.56104 cells per well in 96-well plates, for Hsp detection cells

About author

Leave a reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.