Reshly made Lowry reagent (1.9 Na2CO3, 0.1 M NaOH, 0.01 CuSO4, 0.02 NaKC4H4O6N 4H2O) for 30 minutes before addition of 100 ml Folin – Ciocalteau reagent diluted 1:1 in 18 mV water. OD595 was measured after additional 30 minutes incubation. 0 to 100 mg Ovalbumin was used to generate a linear standard curve.Deglycosylation15 mg crude yeast membranes were incubated with 500 units Endo-H (New England Biolabs, USA) overnight at 4uC in lysis buffer (25 mM Imidazol, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 10 (w/v) sucrose pH 7.5).Whole cell fluorescence5 ml of yeast cells with a known optical density were harvested, washed in sterile water, re-suspended in 200 ml sterile water and transferred to a 96 well white microplate (Nunc, Denmark). Fluorescence was measured in a microplate SMER 28 reader (Fluoroskan Ascent, Thermo Scientific, USA) using water as a blank. order Docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide Excitation was at 485 nm and emission at 520 nm.Quantification of the membrane density of hAQP1-GFP proteins. A correlation was established between pmol GFP andMaterials and Methods Yeast strains and culture conditionsExpression in S. cerevisiae was performed in strain PAP1500 ((a ura3-52 trp1:: GAL10-GAL4 lys2-801 leu2D1 his3D200 pep4::HIS3 prb1D1.6R can1 GAL) as described [34].Construction of hAQP1-GFP-8His expression plasmidHuman Aquoporin-1 was PCR amplified with AccuPol DNA polymerase (VWR, Denmark) and primers AQP1cerup (5′ ACACAAATACACACACTAAATTACCGGATCAATTC-TAAGATAATTATGGCCAGCGAGTTCAAG 3′) and AQP1GFP (5′ ACAACACCAGTGAATAATTCTTCACCTTTAGACATTTTGGGCTTCATCTCCACC3′) while yEGFP was PCR amplified using primers GFPup (5′ ATGTCTAAAGGTGAAGAATTAT 3′) and GFPHISdo (5′ CTTCAATGCTATCATTTCCTTTGATATTGGATCATCTAATGGTGA-TGGTGATGGTGATGGTGTTTGTACAATTCATCCATACCAT 3′). Nucleotide sequences shown in bold are complementary to the template. The nucleotide sequence shown in italics in the hAQP1cerup primer is the Kozak sequence from the yeast PMR1 gene. All other sequences are used for homologous recombination. The hAQP1-GFP-8His expression plasmid was generated by in vivo homologous recombination in S.fluorescence by mixing known molar amounts of purified histidine-tagged yeast enhanced GFP protein with 25 mg crude membranes from S. cerevisiae not expressing any GFP protein. This linear correlation was used to calculate the hAQP1-GFP content in 25 mg crude yeast membranes. Excitation in these experiments was at 485 nm and emission was at 520 nm. Histidine-tagged yeast enhanced GFP was produced in E. coli BL21(DE3)pLysS from plasmid pET20bGFP-8His that was a generous gift from Dr. David Drew, Imperial College London, England. Histidine-tagged GFP was purified using Supplementary protocol 2 in [35].SDS-PAGE and western blottingSDS-PAGE and western blotting were performed as previously described [34]. Briefly, membrane proteins were separated in 10 SDS-PAGE gels and transferred by semidry blotting to PDVF membranes. Western blots were developed using the Millipore ImmobilonTM Western chemiluminescent HRP substrate (Milipore, USA). Chemiluminescense was visualized using the Carestream Image Station 4000 MM (Kodak, USA). Anti-GFPantibody was a generous gift from Dr. Jakob R. Winther, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen. Polyclonal Horseradish Peroxidase conjugated pig anti-rabbit-antibody (P0217) was from DakoCytomation, Denmark.High Level Human Aquaporin Production in YeastIn-gel fluorescenceMembrane proteins were separated in 10 SDS-PAGE gels and in-gel fluorescence was measured using Carestream Image Station 400.Reshly made Lowry reagent (1.9 Na2CO3, 0.1 M NaOH, 0.01 CuSO4, 0.02 NaKC4H4O6N 4H2O) for 30 minutes before addition of 100 ml Folin – Ciocalteau reagent diluted 1:1 in 18 mV water. OD595 was measured after additional 30 minutes incubation. 0 to 100 mg Ovalbumin was used to generate a linear standard curve.Deglycosylation15 mg crude yeast membranes were incubated with 500 units Endo-H (New England Biolabs, USA) overnight at 4uC in lysis buffer (25 mM Imidazol, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 10 (w/v) sucrose pH 7.5).Whole cell fluorescence5 ml of yeast cells with a known optical density were harvested, washed in sterile water, re-suspended in 200 ml sterile water and transferred to a 96 well white microplate (Nunc, Denmark). Fluorescence was measured in a microplate reader (Fluoroskan Ascent, Thermo Scientific, USA) using water as a blank. Excitation was at 485 nm and emission at 520 nm.Quantification of the membrane density of hAQP1-GFP proteins. A correlation was established between pmol GFP andMaterials and Methods Yeast strains and culture conditionsExpression in S. cerevisiae was performed in strain PAP1500 ((a ura3-52 trp1:: GAL10-GAL4 lys2-801 leu2D1 his3D200 pep4::HIS3 prb1D1.6R can1 GAL) as described [34].Construction of hAQP1-GFP-8His expression plasmidHuman Aquoporin-1 was PCR amplified with AccuPol DNA polymerase (VWR, Denmark) and primers AQP1cerup (5′ ACACAAATACACACACTAAATTACCGGATCAATTC-TAAGATAATTATGGCCAGCGAGTTCAAG 3′) and AQP1GFP (5′ ACAACACCAGTGAATAATTCTTCACCTTTAGACATTTTGGGCTTCATCTCCACC3′) while yEGFP was PCR amplified using primers GFPup (5′ ATGTCTAAAGGTGAAGAATTAT 3′) and GFPHISdo (5′ CTTCAATGCTATCATTTCCTTTGATATTGGATCATCTAATGGTGA-TGGTGATGGTGATGGTGTTTGTACAATTCATCCATACCAT 3′). Nucleotide sequences shown in bold are complementary to the template. The nucleotide sequence shown in italics in the hAQP1cerup primer is the Kozak sequence from the yeast PMR1 gene. All other sequences are used for homologous recombination. The hAQP1-GFP-8His expression plasmid was generated by in vivo homologous recombination in S.fluorescence by mixing known molar amounts of purified histidine-tagged yeast enhanced GFP protein with 25 mg crude membranes from S. cerevisiae not expressing any GFP protein. This linear correlation was used to calculate the hAQP1-GFP content in 25 mg crude yeast membranes. Excitation in these experiments was at 485 nm and emission was at 520 nm. Histidine-tagged yeast enhanced GFP was produced in E. coli BL21(DE3)pLysS from plasmid pET20bGFP-8His that was a generous gift from Dr. David Drew, Imperial College London, England. Histidine-tagged GFP was purified using Supplementary protocol 2 in [35].SDS-PAGE and western blottingSDS-PAGE and western blotting were performed as previously described [34]. Briefly, membrane proteins were separated in 10 SDS-PAGE gels and transferred by semidry blotting to PDVF membranes. Western blots were developed using the Millipore ImmobilonTM Western chemiluminescent HRP substrate (Milipore, USA). Chemiluminescense was visualized using the Carestream Image Station 4000 MM (Kodak, USA). Anti-GFPantibody was a generous gift from Dr. Jakob R. Winther, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen. Polyclonal Horseradish Peroxidase conjugated pig anti-rabbit-antibody (P0217) was from DakoCytomation, Denmark.High Level Human Aquaporin Production in YeastIn-gel fluorescenceMembrane proteins were separated in 10 SDS-PAGE gels and in-gel fluorescence was measured using Carestream Image Station 400.

Reshly made Lowry reagent (1.9 Na2CO3, 0.1 M NaOH, 0.01 CuSO4, 0.02 NaKC4H

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