Pacity of HIF-1 to the WT oligonucleotide of COX-2 GW 5074 web promoter and PEPCK promoter were increased. These results indicated that HIF-1 directly bound with the HRE derived from the COX-2 promoter and PEPCK promoter. ChIP analysis showed that HIF-1 could bind to the promoter of COX-2 in cocultured, CM cultured as well as lactate stimulated THP1 monocytes endogenously. Furthermore, to investigate the transcriptional activation of COX2 and PEPCK promoter, we constructed the pGL3-BasicCOX-2-promoter reporter gene plasmid and pGL3-BasicPEPCK-promoter reporter gene plasmid, which contained the corresponding MedChemExpress AEB 071 promoters with wild-type HRE sequence. Lactate promoted the transcriptional activity of COX-2 and PEPCK promoter in THP-1 monocytes, as well as in co-cultured and LS stimulated THP-1 monocytes. All together, these results suggested that COX-2 and PEPCK were the target genes of HIF-1. Lactate promoted the HIF-1-regulated positive transcription of COX-2 and PEPCK in THP1 monocytes. tHP-1 monocytes nourish colorectal cancer Hct116 cells to promote cell growth and glycolysis In the inflammatory tumor microenvironment, the cancer cells and the inflammatory cells work cooperatively. In the above studies, we found the lactate secreted from colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, could promote the PGE2 and glucose synthesis of THP-1 monocytes. Therefore, we subsequently investigated the influence of THP-1 monocytes on the progression and growth of cancer cells. The capacity of cell growth, resisting apoptosis and mobility in assay. B. 1 M ADM treated HCT116 cells were co-cultured with/without THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. The cell apoptosis rates were detected by Annexin V/PI double staining, and quantified. C. Cell monolayer was scraped by a sterile micropipette tip. Then HCT116 were cocultured with/without THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. White lines indicate the wound edge. D. HCT116 were cultured alone, or co-cultured with THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. The protein expressions involving with cell growth and glycolysis were detected by Western blot. The actin controls of upper group were the same as those of lower group. Protein bands were quantified. E. Heterotopic transplantation tumor animal models was constructed as the describes in the method. The tumor weight were measured. F. The photos of the xenograft. G. The tumor tissue were assessed by histological analysis. The tags in the table represent the severity: Minor “”, Mild “1+”, Annual “2+”, Severe “3+”, Extremely severe “4+”, and Normal “-“. H. Histological analysis were photographed. I. Schematic diagram of lactate driving tumor-inflammation co-evolution. Lactate from cancer cells was taken up by inflammatory monocytes through MCT1. Lactate oxidation increases the intracellular pyruvate, which were available to compete with 2-oxoglutarate from PHD, resulting in HIF-1 protein stabilization and HIF-1 activation. HIF-1-mediated upregulated transcription of COX2, causing the increased synthesis and secretion of PGE2 in PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19859838 monocytes. Meanwhile, lactate was recycled for gluconeogenesis under the catalysis of PEPCK, which was transcriptional upregulated by HIF-1 as well. In return, inflammatory monocytes fed cancer cells, promoting cell growth of. Bars, SD; p < 0.01 versus untreated controls. 16206 Oncotarget www.impactjournals.com/oncotarget HCT116 cells co-cultured with THP-1 monocytes were stronger than the HCT116 cells cultured alone. Moreover, the protein level of c-myc was increased in co-cultured HCT116 cells. The oth.Pacity of HIF-1 to the WT oligonucleotide of COX-2 promoter and PEPCK promoter were increased. These results indicated that HIF-1 directly bound with the HRE derived from the COX-2 promoter and PEPCK promoter. ChIP analysis showed that HIF-1 could bind to the promoter of COX-2 in cocultured, CM cultured as well as lactate stimulated THP1 monocytes endogenously. Furthermore, to investigate the transcriptional activation of COX2 and PEPCK promoter, we constructed the pGL3-BasicCOX-2-promoter reporter gene plasmid and pGL3-BasicPEPCK-promoter reporter gene plasmid, which contained the corresponding promoters with wild-type HRE sequence. Lactate promoted the transcriptional activity of COX-2 and PEPCK promoter in THP-1 monocytes, as well as in co-cultured and LS stimulated THP-1 monocytes. All together, these results suggested that COX-2 and PEPCK were the target genes of HIF-1. Lactate promoted the HIF-1-regulated positive transcription of COX-2 and PEPCK in THP1 monocytes. tHP-1 monocytes nourish colorectal cancer Hct116 cells to promote cell growth and glycolysis In the inflammatory tumor microenvironment, the cancer cells and the inflammatory cells work cooperatively. In the above studies, we found the lactate secreted from colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, could promote the PGE2 and glucose synthesis of THP-1 monocytes. Therefore, we subsequently investigated the influence of THP-1 monocytes on the progression and growth of cancer cells. The capacity of cell growth, resisting apoptosis and mobility in assay. B. 1 M ADM treated HCT116 cells were co-cultured with/without THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. The cell apoptosis rates were detected by Annexin V/PI double staining, and quantified. C. Cell monolayer was scraped by a sterile micropipette tip. Then HCT116 were cocultured with/without THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. White lines indicate the wound edge. D. HCT116 were cultured alone, or co-cultured with THP-1 monocytes for 24 h. The protein expressions involving with cell growth and glycolysis were detected by Western blot. The actin controls of upper group were the same as those of lower group. Protein bands were quantified. E. Heterotopic transplantation tumor animal models was constructed as the describes in the method. The tumor weight were measured. F. The photos of the xenograft. G. The tumor tissue were assessed by histological analysis. The tags in the table represent the severity: Minor "", Mild "1+", Annual "2+", Severe "3+", Extremely severe "4+", and Normal "-". H. Histological analysis were photographed. I. Schematic diagram of lactate driving tumor-inflammation co-evolution. Lactate from cancer cells was taken up by inflammatory monocytes through MCT1. Lactate oxidation increases the intracellular pyruvate, which were available to compete with 2-oxoglutarate from PHD, resulting in HIF-1 protein stabilization and HIF-1 activation. HIF-1-mediated upregulated transcription of COX2, causing the increased synthesis and secretion of PGE2 in PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19859838 monocytes. Meanwhile, lactate was recycled for gluconeogenesis under the catalysis of PEPCK, which was transcriptional upregulated by HIF-1 as well. In return, inflammatory monocytes fed cancer cells, promoting cell growth of. Bars, SD; p < 0.01 versus untreated controls. 16206 Oncotarget www.impactjournals.com/oncotarget HCT116 cells co-cultured with THP-1 monocytes were stronger than the HCT116 cells cultured alone. Moreover, the protein level of c-myc was increased in co-cultured HCT116 cells. The oth.

Pacity of HIF-1 to the WT oligonucleotide of COX-2 promoter and

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