E light units (RLU) per buy K162 milligram of protein. The protein concentration was determined using a Coomassie Protein Assay kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA).Figure 1. Generation of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A) Diagrammatic representation of the transgene. (B) Representative example of a PCRpositive individual for genotyping. Control: interleukin-2. (C) Luciferase activity in tissue lysates of male Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice at 4 to 6 weeks of age (n = 3). RLU: relative light unit. (D) Tissue sections of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mouse stained with anti-insulin antibody (Ins), anti-luciferase antibody (Luc), and diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Scale bars: 50 mm. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gIns1-luc BAC Transgenic MiceFigure 2. In vivo bioluminescence imaging of MIP-Luc-VU and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A, B) Changes in bioluminescence intensity of (A) MIP-Luc-VU (n = 3) and (B) Ins1-luc BAC transgenic (n = 3) mice following intraperitoneal injection of luciferin. (C) Representative bioluminescence imaging of MIP-Luc-VU mice (upper) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (lower). Circles indicate regions of interest. (D) Quantification of signal intensity in male MIP-Luc-VU mice (n = 6) and male Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 18). (E) Bioluminesence images of laparotomized Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice immediately after injection of luciferin. The arrow indicates the pancreas. (F) Quantification of the signal intensity of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice in the fasting and nonfasting states. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gIns1-luc BAC Transgenic MiceFigure 3. Bioluminescence intensity of isolated pancreatic islets in culture. (A) 3, 6, and 12 islets of similar size from MIP-Luc-VU mice (n = 4) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 5) were individually placed in a 24-well plate, and bioluminescence imaging was MedChemExpress Tunicamycin performed immediately after addition of luciferin. (B) Comparison of bioluminescence intensity per islet in MIP-Luc mice (n = 6) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gBioluminescence imagingTo detect the bioluminescence of free-fed Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice and of MIP-Luc-VU mice using an IVIS spectrum (Caliper Life Sciences, Hopkinton, MA, USA), D-luciferin (5 mg/ kg body weight, Promega) was injected intraperitoneally (IP) and imaged 5 and 10 minutes later, respectively. Luminescence images were captured with an integration time of 1 minute, and isometricregions of interest (ROIs) were drawn over the location corresponding to the pancreas for the quantification using Living Image software (Xenogen Corporation, Alameda, CA, USA). For studies in which BLI was performed in vitro, a variable number of equal-sized islets isolated from both strains were cultured overnight in RPMI with 10 FBS and 16.7 mM glucose and imaged as described elsewhere [8].Figure 4. Bioluminescence 15755315 images of streptozotocin (STZ) -treated Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A) Representative bioluminescence images of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic male mice before and after treatment with vehicle control or STZ. Circles indicate regions of interest. (B) Quantification of signal intensity in the vehicle control group (n = 5) and the STZ group (n = 5) at 0, 5, and 15 days after the injection. *P = 0.025. 23115181 (C) Immunohistochemistry for anti-insulin antibody in the islets of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice treated with vehicle control or STZ. Scale bars: 50 mm. (D) b-cell mass in the vehicle control group (n = 3) and in.E light units (RLU) per milligram of protein. The protein concentration was determined using a Coomassie Protein Assay kit (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA).Figure 1. Generation of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A) Diagrammatic representation of the transgene. (B) Representative example of a PCRpositive individual for genotyping. Control: interleukin-2. (C) Luciferase activity in tissue lysates of male Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice at 4 to 6 weeks of age (n = 3). RLU: relative light unit. (D) Tissue sections of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mouse stained with anti-insulin antibody (Ins), anti-luciferase antibody (Luc), and diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). Scale bars: 50 mm. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gIns1-luc BAC Transgenic MiceFigure 2. In vivo bioluminescence imaging of MIP-Luc-VU and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A, B) Changes in bioluminescence intensity of (A) MIP-Luc-VU (n = 3) and (B) Ins1-luc BAC transgenic (n = 3) mice following intraperitoneal injection of luciferin. (C) Representative bioluminescence imaging of MIP-Luc-VU mice (upper) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (lower). Circles indicate regions of interest. (D) Quantification of signal intensity in male MIP-Luc-VU mice (n = 6) and male Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 18). (E) Bioluminesence images of laparotomized Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice immediately after injection of luciferin. The arrow indicates the pancreas. (F) Quantification of the signal intensity of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice in the fasting and nonfasting states. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gIns1-luc BAC Transgenic MiceFigure 3. Bioluminescence intensity of isolated pancreatic islets in culture. (A) 3, 6, and 12 islets of similar size from MIP-Luc-VU mice (n = 4) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 5) were individually placed in a 24-well plate, and bioluminescence imaging was performed immediately after addition of luciferin. (B) Comparison of bioluminescence intensity per islet in MIP-Luc mice (n = 6) and Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice (n = 12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060411.gBioluminescence imagingTo detect the bioluminescence of free-fed Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice and of MIP-Luc-VU mice using an IVIS spectrum (Caliper Life Sciences, Hopkinton, MA, USA), D-luciferin (5 mg/ kg body weight, Promega) was injected intraperitoneally (IP) and imaged 5 and 10 minutes later, respectively. Luminescence images were captured with an integration time of 1 minute, and isometricregions of interest (ROIs) were drawn over the location corresponding to the pancreas for the quantification using Living Image software (Xenogen Corporation, Alameda, CA, USA). For studies in which BLI was performed in vitro, a variable number of equal-sized islets isolated from both strains were cultured overnight in RPMI with 10 FBS and 16.7 mM glucose and imaged as described elsewhere [8].Figure 4. Bioluminescence 15755315 images of streptozotocin (STZ) -treated Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice. (A) Representative bioluminescence images of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic male mice before and after treatment with vehicle control or STZ. Circles indicate regions of interest. (B) Quantification of signal intensity in the vehicle control group (n = 5) and the STZ group (n = 5) at 0, 5, and 15 days after the injection. *P = 0.025. 23115181 (C) Immunohistochemistry for anti-insulin antibody in the islets of Ins1-luc BAC transgenic mice treated with vehicle control or STZ. Scale bars: 50 mm. (D) b-cell mass in the vehicle control group (n = 3) and in.

E light units (RLU) per milligram of protein. The protein concentration

About author

Leave a reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.