He last day. After 12 hour of oestrus, the donors were mated with rams and repeated mating another 12 hours later. At 60 hours, zygotes from mated donors were collected by flushing the umbrella of oviducts with warm phosphate buffered saline containing 2 FBS. Then they were removed from the PBS and cultured in SOF medium with 3 mg/ mL BSA at 38uC in 5 CO2. For lentivirus injection, around 50?00 pl of concentrated lentivirus with 36109 IU/ml titer were injected into perivitelline space of zygotes using a micromanipulator (ECLipse TE2000-U, Nikon). For embryo transfer, recipients were synchronized by the same treatment as donor ewes. Embryos injected at one or two cell stage were transferred to recipient ewes with mid-line laparotomy under general anaesthesia. During surgery, the reproductive tract was exposed and embryos were transferred into the oviduct of recipients using a displacement micropipette. To assess the expression of GFP in vitro, part of injected zygotes were cultured to blastula in SOF medium supplemented with 3 mg/ml BSA at 38uC in 5 CO2 and observed under UV-microscope.Materials and Methods AnimalsAll animals used for this study are Xinjiang Merino Fine Wool Sheep raised in the farm of Sheep Breeding and Reproduction Center. All studies carried out in sheep were approved by the Committee of Animal Research Security and Ethics (CARSE), Xinjiang Academy of Animal Science.PCR DetectionTransgene integration was detected by PCR screening. Genomic DNA was obtained from tail tips using the [email protected] Blood and Tissue Kit (QIAGEN) according to the instruction manual. PCR hPTH (1-34) supplier analysis was carried out with 500 ng genomic DNA as template and PCR Master mix (Promega). Primers used to amplify the 638 bp transgene fragment spaning CMV prompter and EGFP gene were: forward 59-CACCAAAATCAACGGGACTT39 and reverse 59-GATGTTGCC GTCCTCCTTGAAGT-39. The PCR conditions were 94uC denaturation for 5 min followed by 40 cycles of 94uC for 30 sec, 60uC for 45 sec, and 72uC for 55 sec and a final extension at 72uC for 7 min.Construction of Plasmids and Preparation of Lentiviral ParticlesEGFP gene was digested from pEGFP-N1 plasmid (Clontech) with BamH I and Hind III (TAKARA) and cloned into lentiviral vector (pLEX-MCS, Openbiosystem), named as pLEX-EGFP.Generation of Transgenic Sheep by LentivirusFigure 1. Analysis of EGFP-lentivirus transgene integration in transgenic sheep. (A) Amplification of EGFP transgene from genomic DNA extracted from tail tips of newborn lambs. 15755315 #1?4: transgenic newborn lambs. (B) Amplification of EGFP transgene from tissues of #4 and #12 anatomized lambs. a-e: heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, INCB-039110 manufacturer respectively. Amplicons are 604 bp fragments spanning CMV promoter and EGFP sequences. M, DNA marker; PC, pLEX-EGFP vector as positive control; NTC, non-transgenic sheep DNA control. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054614.gSouthern BlottingIntegration numbers of transgene were determined by Southern blotting analysis. Genomic DNA from tail tips was extracted by means of standard phenol-chloroform extraction and digested withEcoRI (TAKARA) or double-digested with SfiI and HpaI (TAKARA). After precipitation with alcohol, 10 mg digested DNA was separated on 0.7 agarose gel with 25 volt electrophoresis overnight. Blotting was carried on by vacuum transfer toFigure 2. Southern blotting analysis of transgene integrants in genomic DNA of transgenic sheep. (A) Genomic DNA extracted from tail tips of transgenic sheep was digested with EcoRI and hybr.He last day. After 12 hour of oestrus, the donors were mated with rams and repeated mating another 12 hours later. At 60 hours, zygotes from mated donors were collected by flushing the umbrella of oviducts with warm phosphate buffered saline containing 2 FBS. Then they were removed from the PBS and cultured in SOF medium with 3 mg/ mL BSA at 38uC in 5 CO2. For lentivirus injection, around 50?00 pl of concentrated lentivirus with 36109 IU/ml titer were injected into perivitelline space of zygotes using a micromanipulator (ECLipse TE2000-U, Nikon). For embryo transfer, recipients were synchronized by the same treatment as donor ewes. Embryos injected at one or two cell stage were transferred to recipient ewes with mid-line laparotomy under general anaesthesia. During surgery, the reproductive tract was exposed and embryos were transferred into the oviduct of recipients using a displacement micropipette. To assess the expression of GFP in vitro, part of injected zygotes were cultured to blastula in SOF medium supplemented with 3 mg/ml BSA at 38uC in 5 CO2 and observed under UV-microscope.Materials and Methods AnimalsAll animals used for this study are Xinjiang Merino Fine Wool Sheep raised in the farm of Sheep Breeding and Reproduction Center. All studies carried out in sheep were approved by the Committee of Animal Research Security and Ethics (CARSE), Xinjiang Academy of Animal Science.PCR DetectionTransgene integration was detected by PCR screening. Genomic DNA was obtained from tail tips using the [email protected] Blood and Tissue Kit (QIAGEN) according to the instruction manual. PCR analysis was carried out with 500 ng genomic DNA as template and PCR Master mix (Promega). Primers used to amplify the 638 bp transgene fragment spaning CMV prompter and EGFP gene were: forward 59-CACCAAAATCAACGGGACTT39 and reverse 59-GATGTTGCC GTCCTCCTTGAAGT-39. The PCR conditions were 94uC denaturation for 5 min followed by 40 cycles of 94uC for 30 sec, 60uC for 45 sec, and 72uC for 55 sec and a final extension at 72uC for 7 min.Construction of Plasmids and Preparation of Lentiviral ParticlesEGFP gene was digested from pEGFP-N1 plasmid (Clontech) with BamH I and Hind III (TAKARA) and cloned into lentiviral vector (pLEX-MCS, Openbiosystem), named as pLEX-EGFP.Generation of Transgenic Sheep by LentivirusFigure 1. Analysis of EGFP-lentivirus transgene integration in transgenic sheep. (A) Amplification of EGFP transgene from genomic DNA extracted from tail tips of newborn lambs. 15755315 #1?4: transgenic newborn lambs. (B) Amplification of EGFP transgene from tissues of #4 and #12 anatomized lambs. a-e: heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, respectively. Amplicons are 604 bp fragments spanning CMV promoter and EGFP sequences. M, DNA marker; PC, pLEX-EGFP vector as positive control; NTC, non-transgenic sheep DNA control. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054614.gSouthern BlottingIntegration numbers of transgene were determined by Southern blotting analysis. Genomic DNA from tail tips was extracted by means of standard phenol-chloroform extraction and digested withEcoRI (TAKARA) or double-digested with SfiI and HpaI (TAKARA). After precipitation with alcohol, 10 mg digested DNA was separated on 0.7 agarose gel with 25 volt electrophoresis overnight. Blotting was carried on by vacuum transfer toFigure 2. Southern blotting analysis of transgene integrants in genomic DNA of transgenic sheep. (A) Genomic DNA extracted from tail tips of transgenic sheep was digested with EcoRI and hybr.

He last day. After 12 hour of oestrus, the donors were mated

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