D immunohistochemical analysis of cancer cells in early (UICC I/II) and late stage (UICC III/IV) of the disease. (A) Significantly increased gene expression of CD4 and CD25 at stage UICC I/II compared to tumors at stage UICC III/IV. Gene expression of 22948146 Foxp3, IL-10, and TGF-b was significantly decreased at stage I/II as compared with those at UICC III/IV. The normalization was performed with normal tissue. The relative quantification value, fold difference, is expressed as 22DDCt. *p,0.001. (B) Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expressing cancer cells increased from UICC I/II to UICC III/IV compared to normal tissue. The result of the Thiazole Orange staining was expressed in percentages ( ) positivity. All values were expressed as mean 6 SD; all pairwise tests (Tukey) result in p,0.001 with exception of control vs. UICC I/II in Foxp3+ (p,0.050). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gCorrelation of Foxp3+ Treg with Foxp3+ cancer cellsTo examine whether Foxp3+ Treg expression corresponded with the Foxp3+ cancer cell expression, we stratified two different groups according to percentages expression of immunohistochemical analysis. Considering the Foxp3+ cancer cell expression asFoxp3 Expression and CRC Disease ProgressionFigure 2. Immunohistochemical analysis of CD4+, CD25+, Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expression in Treg from patients with CRC (n = 65) in early (UICC I/II) and late stage (UICC III/IV) of the disease. (A) Increased CD4+, CD25+, Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expression at stage UICC I/II as compared with those at UICC III/IV. The result of the staining was expressed in percentages ( ) positivity. All values were expressed as mean 6 SD. All pairwise tests result in p,0.001 with three exceptions: Foxp3+, control vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.091; IL-10+, UICC I/II vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.021; TGF-?, UICC I/II vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.020. (B) Representative example of an immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3+ and CD4+ in Treg. Foxp3 expression was mainly observed on CD4+ Treg (arrow) (6400 magnification). FITC, green Fluoresceinisothiocyanate, Cy3, indocarbocyanin red, and DAPI 49,6-Diamidino-2- phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gFigure 3. Immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3 and EPCAM in cancer cells from patients with CRC. Representative example of an immunofluorescence double staining, showing Foxp3 expression and EPCAM costaining in cancer cells of patients with CRC (6100 magnification above; 6400 magnification below). FITC, green Fluoresceinisothiocyanate, Cy3, indocarbocyanin red and DAPI 49,6-Diamidino-2- phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gFoxp3 Expression and CRC Disease ProgressionFigure 4. Protein expression of Foxp3 in colon cancer cell lines by flow cytometry and immunofluorecence double staining analysis. (A) Flow cytometry assay of Foxp3 expression in SW480, SW620, and HCT-116 colon cancer cell lines compared to isotype control. 3.8 to 6.1 of colon cancer cells express Foxp3; PE: phycoerythrin; FS: forward scatter linear. (B) Representative examples of immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3+ expression in SW480, SW620, and HCT-116 cancer cells. Cy3, indocarbocyanin red and DAPI 49,MedChemExpress 1948-33-0 6-Diamidino-2phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining (6400 magnification). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.ga continuous variable, regression analysis showed that Foxp3+ cancer cell expression had a weak but significant inverse co.D immunohistochemical analysis of cancer cells in early (UICC I/II) and late stage (UICC III/IV) of the disease. (A) Significantly increased gene expression of CD4 and CD25 at stage UICC I/II compared to tumors at stage UICC III/IV. Gene expression of 22948146 Foxp3, IL-10, and TGF-b was significantly decreased at stage I/II as compared with those at UICC III/IV. The normalization was performed with normal tissue. The relative quantification value, fold difference, is expressed as 22DDCt. *p,0.001. (B) Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expressing cancer cells increased from UICC I/II to UICC III/IV compared to normal tissue. The result of the staining was expressed in percentages ( ) positivity. All values were expressed as mean 6 SD; all pairwise tests (Tukey) result in p,0.001 with exception of control vs. UICC I/II in Foxp3+ (p,0.050). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gCorrelation of Foxp3+ Treg with Foxp3+ cancer cellsTo examine whether Foxp3+ Treg expression corresponded with the Foxp3+ cancer cell expression, we stratified two different groups according to percentages expression of immunohistochemical analysis. Considering the Foxp3+ cancer cell expression asFoxp3 Expression and CRC Disease ProgressionFigure 2. Immunohistochemical analysis of CD4+, CD25+, Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expression in Treg from patients with CRC (n = 65) in early (UICC I/II) and late stage (UICC III/IV) of the disease. (A) Increased CD4+, CD25+, Foxp3+, IL-10+, and TGF-b+ expression at stage UICC I/II as compared with those at UICC III/IV. The result of the staining was expressed in percentages ( ) positivity. All values were expressed as mean 6 SD. All pairwise tests result in p,0.001 with three exceptions: Foxp3+, control vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.091; IL-10+, UICC I/II vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.021; TGF-?, UICC I/II vs. UICC III/IV, p = 0.020. (B) Representative example of an immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3+ and CD4+ in Treg. Foxp3 expression was mainly observed on CD4+ Treg (arrow) (6400 magnification). FITC, green Fluoresceinisothiocyanate, Cy3, indocarbocyanin red, and DAPI 49,6-Diamidino-2- phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gFigure 3. Immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3 and EPCAM in cancer cells from patients with CRC. Representative example of an immunofluorescence double staining, showing Foxp3 expression and EPCAM costaining in cancer cells of patients with CRC (6100 magnification above; 6400 magnification below). FITC, green Fluoresceinisothiocyanate, Cy3, indocarbocyanin red and DAPI 49,6-Diamidino-2- phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.gFoxp3 Expression and CRC Disease ProgressionFigure 4. Protein expression of Foxp3 in colon cancer cell lines by flow cytometry and immunofluorecence double staining analysis. (A) Flow cytometry assay of Foxp3 expression in SW480, SW620, and HCT-116 colon cancer cell lines compared to isotype control. 3.8 to 6.1 of colon cancer cells express Foxp3; PE: phycoerythrin; FS: forward scatter linear. (B) Representative examples of immunofluorescence double staining of Foxp3+ expression in SW480, SW620, and HCT-116 cancer cells. Cy3, indocarbocyanin red and DAPI 49,6-Diamidino-2phenylindoldihydrochlorid blue ?nuclear counterstaining (6400 magnification). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053630.ga continuous variable, regression analysis showed that Foxp3+ cancer cell expression had a weak but significant inverse co.

D immunohistochemical analysis of cancer cells in early (UICC I/II

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