Ulations carried out with both amplitudes and double-integrals, which are directly related, provided linewidth is constant. In the measurements performed in the present study no significant variation in linewidth was found for all samples. According to such calculations spectra amplitude was considered a good quantitative approxiMelanoma Diagnosis via Electron Spin ResonanceFigure 6. ROC analysis. A) Nevi vs Melanomas; B) Nevi vs Melanomas “Low Breslow”; C) Nevi vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; D) Melanomas “Low Breslow” vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; ns stands for “not significant”. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048849.gmation [12]. To further support this approximation, correlation of integrals with amplitude was computed in all spectra, giving a very high correlation coefficient (R = 0.89; p,0.0001). Signal amplitude is the parameter directly measured by the instrument, is easy to be performed by all operators and is more reproducible than the integral calculated value. For these reasons we indicate amplitudes as an effective alternative to integrals, under our experimental conditions. Although a larger study is needed to further validate this observation in a multicenter study, the present investigation validates the hypothesis that ESR analysis may effectively discriminate human melanomas from human nevi supporting the routine histological diagnostic process. We believe this study may stimulate further development of skin ESR scanners to open a novel path toward the early non-invasive melanoma diagnosis.Supporting InformationFigure S1 Superimposition of the ESR spectra of 8 nevi and 8 melanoma samples randomly taken from the “All Set”. The actual shape of the selected area is reported. (TIF) Figure S2 ROC analysis carried on with double integral values. A) Nevi vs Melanomas; B) Nevi vs Melanomas “Low Breslow”; C) Nevi vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; D) Melanomas “Low Breslow” vs Melanomas “High Breslow” (TIF)AcknowledgmentsWe are grateful to Prof. Tullio Faraggiana for helpful discussion of the results. We kindly thank Italia-USA Bioinformatics/Proteomics Facility atMelanoma Diagnosis via Electron Spin ResonanceCNR (Avellino) and Facility for Complex Protein Mixture Analysis at the Dipartimento di Ematologia, Oncologia e Medicina Molecolare, ISS (Rome), Italy.Author ContributionsConceived and Naringin designed the experiments: EC LK JZP AF. Performed the experiments: EC GD GV MSA FP JZP. Analyzed the data: EC AF JZP GD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FP. Wrote the paper: EC LK GD AF.
Gastric C.I. 19140 biological activity cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and more than 90 of gastric cancers are adenocarcinomas [1]. Recently, in Japan, early detection by the routine endoscopic examination in the gastroenterology clinics has resulted accurate diagnoses and effective surgical or endoscopic treatments, resulting in a relatively better prognosis. In 1326631 the analysis of 11,261 patients with gastric cancer treated by gastric resection, the TNM 5-year survival rate for stage IA was 91.8 and for stage IB the survival rate was 84.6 [2]. For the early gastric cancers, an endoscopicsubmucosal dissection (ESD) is the first choice treatment in Japan, but the criteria of the additional surgery including lymph node dissection after the ESD are still controversial [3]. Our series of immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies for mucin expression in various human neoplasms have demonstrated that the expression of the MUC1 mucin (pan-epithelial membraneassociat.Ulations carried out with both amplitudes and double-integrals, which are directly related, provided linewidth is constant. In the measurements performed in the present study no significant variation in linewidth was found for all samples. According to such calculations spectra amplitude was considered a good quantitative approxiMelanoma Diagnosis via Electron Spin ResonanceFigure 6. ROC analysis. A) Nevi vs Melanomas; B) Nevi vs Melanomas “Low Breslow”; C) Nevi vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; D) Melanomas “Low Breslow” vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; ns stands for “not significant”. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048849.gmation [12]. To further support this approximation, correlation of integrals with amplitude was computed in all spectra, giving a very high correlation coefficient (R = 0.89; p,0.0001). Signal amplitude is the parameter directly measured by the instrument, is easy to be performed by all operators and is more reproducible than the integral calculated value. For these reasons we indicate amplitudes as an effective alternative to integrals, under our experimental conditions. Although a larger study is needed to further validate this observation in a multicenter study, the present investigation validates the hypothesis that ESR analysis may effectively discriminate human melanomas from human nevi supporting the routine histological diagnostic process. We believe this study may stimulate further development of skin ESR scanners to open a novel path toward the early non-invasive melanoma diagnosis.Supporting InformationFigure S1 Superimposition of the ESR spectra of 8 nevi and 8 melanoma samples randomly taken from the “All Set”. The actual shape of the selected area is reported. (TIF) Figure S2 ROC analysis carried on with double integral values. A) Nevi vs Melanomas; B) Nevi vs Melanomas “Low Breslow”; C) Nevi vs Melanomas “High Breslow”; D) Melanomas “Low Breslow” vs Melanomas “High Breslow” (TIF)AcknowledgmentsWe are grateful to Prof. Tullio Faraggiana for helpful discussion of the results. We kindly thank Italia-USA Bioinformatics/Proteomics Facility atMelanoma Diagnosis via Electron Spin ResonanceCNR (Avellino) and Facility for Complex Protein Mixture Analysis at the Dipartimento di Ematologia, Oncologia e Medicina Molecolare, ISS (Rome), Italy.Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: EC LK JZP AF. Performed the experiments: EC GD GV MSA FP JZP. Analyzed the data: EC AF JZP GD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FP. Wrote the paper: EC LK GD AF.
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and more than 90 of gastric cancers are adenocarcinomas [1]. Recently, in Japan, early detection by the routine endoscopic examination in the gastroenterology clinics has resulted accurate diagnoses and effective surgical or endoscopic treatments, resulting in a relatively better prognosis. In 1326631 the analysis of 11,261 patients with gastric cancer treated by gastric resection, the TNM 5-year survival rate for stage IA was 91.8 and for stage IB the survival rate was 84.6 [2]. For the early gastric cancers, an endoscopicsubmucosal dissection (ESD) is the first choice treatment in Japan, but the criteria of the additional surgery including lymph node dissection after the ESD are still controversial [3]. Our series of immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies for mucin expression in various human neoplasms have demonstrated that the expression of the MUC1 mucin (pan-epithelial membraneassociat.

Ulations carried out with both amplitudes and double-integrals, which are directly

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