Team of management of sheep breeding farm, Biao Li, Bing Han and Fan Yang.Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: ML CL JH WL. Performed the experiments: CL LW TC YT. Analyzed the data: CL NZ SH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XZ. Wrote the paper: ML CL WL.
Obesity is caused by a multiple factors, including genetic, metabolic, behavioral and cultural factors. More specifically, a high fat intake and low energy expenditure are the main causes of obesity, as well as metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases [1,2]. A variety of programs and treatments including drug therapeutics, surgical intervention and dietary control for obesity management or prevention have been developed; however, these are often associated with safety issues. Therefore, the development of a safe and effective dietary supplement to assist with body weight management is essential. Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are representative probiotic microorganisms that benefit human health through modulation of the immune system [3], prevention of cancer [4], enhancement of intestinal functions [5] and a hypocholesterolemic effect [6]. Recently, some studies have expended the functionality of probiotics to obesity management. Some probiotics have been demonstrated to have an anti-obesity property by regulating lipid and glucose metabolism [7,8], producing conjugated linoleic acid [9,10], reducing the 18325633 adipocyte size and increasing the number of small adipocytes in white adipose tissue [11], and regulating leptin [12]. We have observed the effects of L. GSK2879552 site gasseri BNR17, a probiotic strain isolated from human breast milk, on the high-sucrose dietfed SD rat and transgenic db/db mouse [13,14]. In those studies, L. gasseri BNR17 suppressed the body weight and fat weight gain,fasting and postprandial blood glucose, and improved oral glucose tolerance. The purpose of the current study was to extend these observations and elucidate the mechanism involved in the antiobesity activity of L. gasseri BNR17. We investigated the impact of L. gasseri BNR17 on body weight gain, fat accumulation, and mRNA expression of obesity-related genes in diet-induced obese mice.Materials and Methods Animals and ExperimentMale C57BL/6J mice (6-week-old, n = 8 per group) were obtained from Central Lab Animal Inc. (Seoul, South Korea). All animals were housed in standard plastic cages (two mice per cage), and maintained under a 12-h light-dark cycle at constant temperature and humidity (2361uC and 5565 , respectively) with free access to food and water. This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations in the guide for the care and use of the Animal, Plant and Fisheries 23977191 Quarantine and Inspection Agency (Republic of Korea). The protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of the Bioneer Corporation (AEC-20081229-0004). Following acclimatization for 1 week, the mice were fed a normal diet (ND) (2918C, containing 6.0 fat and 18.5 protein by weight; Koatech Animal Inc., GSK-690693 site Pyeongtaek, South Korea), or a highsucrose diet (HSD) (AIN-76A, 5.0 fat, 50.0 sucrose, 15.0 cornstarch and 20.0 protein by weight; Central Lab Animal Inc.), or high-sucrose diet and BNR17 109 CFU (HSD+BNR17(9))Anti-Obesity Effect of Lb. gasseri BNRor 1010 CFU (HSD+BNR17(10)) for 10 weeks. L. gasseri BNR17 was prepared fresh daily and orally administered twice per day. Body weight and food intake were measured onc.Team of management of sheep breeding farm, Biao Li, Bing Han and Fan Yang.Author ContributionsConceived and designed the experiments: ML CL JH WL. Performed the experiments: CL LW TC YT. Analyzed the data: CL NZ SH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XZ. Wrote the paper: ML CL WL.
Obesity is caused by a multiple factors, including genetic, metabolic, behavioral and cultural factors. More specifically, a high fat intake and low energy expenditure are the main causes of obesity, as well as metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases [1,2]. A variety of programs and treatments including drug therapeutics, surgical intervention and dietary control for obesity management or prevention have been developed; however, these are often associated with safety issues. Therefore, the development of a safe and effective dietary supplement to assist with body weight management is essential. Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are representative probiotic microorganisms that benefit human health through modulation of the immune system [3], prevention of cancer [4], enhancement of intestinal functions [5] and a hypocholesterolemic effect [6]. Recently, some studies have expended the functionality of probiotics to obesity management. Some probiotics have been demonstrated to have an anti-obesity property by regulating lipid and glucose metabolism [7,8], producing conjugated linoleic acid [9,10], reducing the 18325633 adipocyte size and increasing the number of small adipocytes in white adipose tissue [11], and regulating leptin [12]. We have observed the effects of L. gasseri BNR17, a probiotic strain isolated from human breast milk, on the high-sucrose dietfed SD rat and transgenic db/db mouse [13,14]. In those studies, L. gasseri BNR17 suppressed the body weight and fat weight gain,fasting and postprandial blood glucose, and improved oral glucose tolerance. The purpose of the current study was to extend these observations and elucidate the mechanism involved in the antiobesity activity of L. gasseri BNR17. We investigated the impact of L. gasseri BNR17 on body weight gain, fat accumulation, and mRNA expression of obesity-related genes in diet-induced obese mice.Materials and Methods Animals and ExperimentMale C57BL/6J mice (6-week-old, n = 8 per group) were obtained from Central Lab Animal Inc. (Seoul, South Korea). All animals were housed in standard plastic cages (two mice per cage), and maintained under a 12-h light-dark cycle at constant temperature and humidity (2361uC and 5565 , respectively) with free access to food and water. This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations in the guide for the care and use of the Animal, Plant and Fisheries 23977191 Quarantine and Inspection Agency (Republic of Korea). The protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of the Bioneer Corporation (AEC-20081229-0004). Following acclimatization for 1 week, the mice were fed a normal diet (ND) (2918C, containing 6.0 fat and 18.5 protein by weight; Koatech Animal Inc., Pyeongtaek, South Korea), or a highsucrose diet (HSD) (AIN-76A, 5.0 fat, 50.0 sucrose, 15.0 cornstarch and 20.0 protein by weight; Central Lab Animal Inc.), or high-sucrose diet and BNR17 109 CFU (HSD+BNR17(9))Anti-Obesity Effect of Lb. gasseri BNRor 1010 CFU (HSD+BNR17(10)) for 10 weeks. L. gasseri BNR17 was prepared fresh daily and orally administered twice per day. Body weight and food intake were measured onc.

Team of management of sheep breeding farm, Biao Li, Bing Han

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