R, by optimizing nutrition, it is possible to prevent common diseases, treat them efficiently and promote efficient care and recovery in hospitalized patients. The Clinical nutrition section of BMC Nutrition welcomes papers dealing with these issues aiming at increasing knowledge and optimization of prevention and treatment of diseases and taking the individual differences in responses to nutrition therapy into account, if possible. The section also warmly welcomes papers dealing with tackling malnutrition and optimization of care in patients.Life stage nutrition section, Section Editor: Maria Lorella Gianni’factors, nutrients play a key role in inducing epigenetic changes and, therefore, exerting later effects on health. Yet, we have still so much to understand about the relative contribution of specific nutrients in shaping the epigenome. We encourage submission of research that focuses the attention on the molecular pathways involved in the modulation of the epigenetic status. The availability of basic science discoveries will support the transition into clinical research to allow for further development of this area. These studies may shed new light on potential new strategies in early life to Ensartinib supplier reduce the exposure to environments that can negatively affect the epigenome. Furthermore, it is yet to be established whether interventions can reverse the adverse modifications of PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25112874 gene expression. The Life stage nutrition section in BMC Nutrition aims to create an accessible platform for disseminating new knowledge and high-quality studies among researchers, practitioners and policy makers. It is our ambition to contribute in identifying novel strategies for promoting adequate nutrition in childhood helping children to reach their full potential of growth and to be healthy members of society.Nutritional interventions, policies and public health nutrition section, Section Editor: Joseph SharkeyDuring the last decades, epidemiological, clinical and experimental research has provided increasing evidence on the crucial interrelation between early nutrition and subsequent health. It would be thrilling to think that we have fully elucidated the mechanism underlying this relationship, but our understanding of how nutrients interact with growth and developmental changes is still challenging. We have learnt that the first 1,000 days of life represent a critical time window for early programming of long-term health and supporting the optimal development of organs and their function. The concept that genes are set in stone or that they alone control development has been contradicted. Innovative research indicates that epigenetic processes represent the link modulating the interaction between genes and the environment and affecting how the phenotype comes into being. It has become clear that, of the environmentalIn January 2000, the Department of Health and Human Services launched Healthy People 2010, a comprehensive, nationwide health promotion and disease prevention agenda, containing 467 objectives designed to serve as a framework for improving the health of all people in the United States during the first decade of the 21st century. The goals have been updated for Healthy People 2020, and two of its goals are to 1) create social and physical environments that promote good health for all and 2) promote health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets and maintenance of healthy body weight . In order to accomplish.