Role-playing physical exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially created for high-risk students attending option or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested among students attending conventional high schools also. Project TND’s lessons are presented over a four to six week period. Project TND received a score of three.1 (out of 4.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. Plan Components–Project TND was created to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior higher school youth. Project TND addresses three main risk variables for tobacco, alcohol, and also other drug use, violence-related behaviors, and also other difficulty behaviors among youth. These consist of motivation variables such as attitudes, beliefs,Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; obtainable in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations relating to substance use; social, self-control, and coping skills; and decision-making abilities with an emphasis on how to make choices that result in healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is primarily based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young persons at risk for substance abuse is not going to use substances if they 1) are aware of misconceptions, myths, and misleading information about drug use that leads to use; two) have adequate coping, self-control, as well as other skills that support them reduce their threat for use; 3) know about how substance use might have damaging consequences each in their very own lives as in the lives of other people; four) are conscious of cessation approaches for quitting smoking as well as other forms of substance use; and five) have fantastic decision-making abilities and are capable to produce a commitment to not use substances. Program components for Project TND contain an implementation manual for providers covering directions for each and every on the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life targets, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation materials, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Program Providers and Coaching Requirements–A one- to two-day education workshop conducted by a certified trainer is suggested for teachers before implementing Project TND. The instruction workshops are created to construct the capabilities that teachers require to deliver the lessons with fidelity, and inform them with the theoretical basis, plan content material, instructional procedures, and objectives in the plan.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In help with the top quality of analysis on Project TND, the NREPP web site lists 5 peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mostly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, along with 4 replication studies. Across 3 randomized trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in rates of tough drug use relative to students in handle schools at the one-year follow-up; moreover, people who made use of alcohol before the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of involving 7 and 12 relative to controls. Within a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483746 schools (relative to students in handle schools) exhibited a reduction in WAY-200070 site cigarette use of 27 in the one-year follow-up and 50 in the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 at the one-year follow-up, and at the two-year follow-up students in TND schools have been about one particular fifth as likel.