D Edge computing technologies, Lower number of infrastructure parts needed (straightforward ring topology) Reduced amount of infrastructure parts essential (very simple ring topology), Standard redundancy protocol accessible in most industrial network switches Lower amount of infrastructure parts wanted (very simple ring topology), Normal redundancy protocol obtainable in many industrial network switches, Fairly straightforward to configure Drawbacks Involves a substantial amount of infrastructure parts (cabling and switches) and specialized switches supporting PRP technology Single-link failure, needs specialized switches supporting HSR technologies in the complete ring Single-link failure, Delayed recovery time, GS-626510 Purity & Documentation communication latency Single-link failure, Delayed recovery time, Communication latencyHSR-based prototypeMRPRSTPFrom Table three, we notice the standalone redundancy protocols RSTP and MRP are certainly not suitable for time-critical applications due to the delayed recovery time along with the communication latency which have been unacceptable in these applications. Other research that integrate zero-loss redundancy protocols including Xu, B. et al. (2021)  never offer a solution to avoid the low-latency communication because of substantial data volume (specially in an IIoT environment). Our proposed network communication prototypes mix zero-loss redundancy protocols, TSN, and edge computing to palliate these shortcomings and give additional reliable industrial communication networks. five. Conclusions In this investigate, we designed two efficient IP-based network communication prototypes to solve the demanding needs of the really stable and reliable network for IIoT time-critical applications. We integrated the operational ideas of zero-loss redundancy protocols PRP and HSR to produce robust safety against network downtime because of website link and network devices failures. Our PRP-based communication prototype, particularly, delivers network protection towards various website link failures. The outcomes part compares our proposed Guretolimod Agonist prototype capabilities to two readily available standalone redundancy protocols: MRP and RSTP. Whilst both present protocols seem easy to employ in network switches and call for significantly less network infrastructure, they cannot meet zero-loss recovery time through hyperlink failures and are therefore unfit for IIoT time-critical applications. Additionally, these two standalone redundancy protocols are only suitable for any single level of failure, unlike our PRP-based prototype. Our proposed answer goes a phase even further by integrating recent state-of-the-art communication technologies like TSN and edge computing to cut back communication latency risks in the course of information transmission. The result area also demonstrates the importance of implementing TSN-capable switches within a communication network by estimating the frame transmission time with and without the need of TSN capabilities. Using TSN in network switches lessens the affect of needless delays due to external factors for example extra frame storage time in switches buffers. Although most preceding researches supply option enhancement on either the physical network segment (redundancy protection schemes) or its application segment (information transmission improved techniques), the combination of zero-loss redundancy protocols with TSN and edge computing recommended by our communication prototypes generates a highly effective and remarkably dependable communication prototype. For future functions, we expect to investigate comprehensive configurations and platforms requir.