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S. Glomus and Acaulospora species detected in SPS could have robust
S. Glomus and Acaulospora species detected in SPS may have powerful tolerance against acidity and higher soil moisture content. Key phrases: amplicon sequencing; arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; peat soil; sago palm; soil physicochemical propertiesPublisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.1. Introduction Sago palm (Metroxylon sagu, Arecaceae) produces greater than 300 kg of dry starch per plant in its trunk. It’s distributed across components of Southeast Asia and northwestern Melanesia, including Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands [1]. Sarawak, Malaysia, is one of the most prominent areas for sago flour production. Within this area, sago cultivation has been carried out primarily in peatland [2]. Tropical peat includes a vast level of soil organic matter, and is characterized by low pH and low soil fertility. While almost no other major crops can develop without having drainage or soil improvement, sago palm species can develop in tropical peat soil [3], despite the fact that the period of growth expected before the very first harvest of sago palms is delayed in peat soil (12.7 years) as when compared with mineral soil (9.8 years) [4].Copyright: 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access short article distributed under the terms and circumstances on the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).Agriculture 2021, 11, 1161. custom synthesis agricultureAgriculture 2021, 11,two ofAccording to Kakuda et al., (2000) [5], the lower nutrient in unit volume in peat soils is among the reasons for this delay within the development in peat soils. The majority of terrestrial plants establish symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. In an agricultural ecosystem, AMF play an crucial part in plant growth performance and soil well being for sustainable management [6]. They form mycelium networks within the soil, enhancing the stability of soil aggregates [7]. They also enhance the uptake of plant nutrients, such as the biologically crucial nutrients phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N), and increase resistance to drought, salinity, heavy metals, pollution [8], and ailments [9]. AMF are classified in the phylum Glomeromycota, which consists of three classes [10], 12 MAC-VC-PABC-ST7612AA1 Purity families, and 43 genera [114]. This wide selection of species builds a diverse AMF community structure in agricultural ecosystems, and its abundance and diversity influence plant development efficiency [15]. The diversity of AMF enhances P uptake in the host [16], whilst co-inoculation by AMF belonging to unique households improves development of host plants exposed to abiotic tension [17]. Recent studies have revealed that the inoculation with AMF improves the growth from the Arecaceae household [18,19]. In the case from the sago palm, Chan et al., (2002) [20] detected AMF belonging to Glomales on the Zygomycetes in tropical peat soil. Furthermore, Asano et al., (2019) [21] revealed that sago palm could have a symbiotic partnership with AMF when commercial mycorrhizal inocula were applied. These findings led to the formulation on the following hypotheses: (i) the abundance and community structure of AMF in naturally grown sago palms present a distinct pattern; (ii) the abundance of AMF colonization along with the community structure in the roots of sago palms vary because of cultivation in different soil kind; (iii) AMF can be a technique from the sago palm to.

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