Ere was no proof for transplantationassociated thrombotic microangiopathy or graft-versus-host disease. Urgent computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaginghost; Status epilepticus; Umbilical cord blood transplantationA 59-year-old man was diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in 2007 and managed with different chemotherapy drugs (fludarabine, alemtuzumab, bendamustine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab). However, the patient expected umbilical cord blood transplantation following a decreased intensity conditioning regimen (cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg on day -6, fludarabine 40 mg/m2 each day from days -6 through -2 and total body irradiation 200 cGy on day -1) for remedy of resistant CLL in February 2013. Graft-versus-host CRFR Compound disease prophylaxis comprised sirolimus 4 mg daily and mycophenolate mofetil (1500 mg twice each day fromdays-3through+30).Cytomegalovirusimmunoglobulin(Ig)G and herpes simplex virus IgG had been good, whereas Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) IgG was negative. Infection prophylaxis depending on internal hospital recommendations Succinate Receptor 1 review incorporated levofloxacin (250 mg every day), voriconazole (200 mg twice every day for probable invasive fungal infection as a consequence of lung nodules before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation [alloHCT]), high-dose acyclovir (800 mg five occasions every day), and1Division 4DepartmentCASE PRESENTATIONof Hematology-Oncology and Transplantation; 2Division of Infectious Illness, Department of Medicine; 3Department of Radiology; of Neurology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; 5Department of Hematology-Oncology, Amaral Carvalho Hospital, Jau, Sao Paulo, Brazil Correspondence: Dr Celalettin Ustun, Division of Hematology Oncology and Transplantation, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, 14-142 PWB, 516 Delaware Street Southeast, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. Telephone 612-624-0123, fax 612-625-6919, e-mail [email protected] open-access report is distributed under the terms in the Inventive Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, offered that the original function is appropriately cited along with the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For industrial reuse, make contact with support@pulsusCan J Infect Dis Med Microbiol Vol 25 No 3 May/JuneHHV6 is related with status epilepticusA(379,300 copies/mL) on day +41. The concurrent serum sample was also good for HHV6 (8000 copies/mL). Ganciclovir (5 mg/kg intravenous twice per day) was started on account of no improvement in his clinical situation, seizure activity along with the evolving MRI findings. Seizure activity was no longer detectable, as well as the patient had come to be alert and was extubated on day +43. A long hospitalization ensued, which was complicated by deconditioning and various reintubations for hypercapnea and respiratory muscle weakness. He completed six weeks of ganciclovir therapy (5 mg/kg twice each day). Foscarnet was added for constructive isolation of HHV6 from bronchoalveolar lavage. His cognitive function steadily enhanced with prolonged rehabilitation. He’s now at home with residual intermittent memory loss but otherwise functional. Alteration in consciousness and seizure right after alloHCT is often brought on by posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, immunosuppressive drug toxicities, fludarabine toxicity, transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy or central nervous sys.