Role-playing physical exercise, videos, and student worksheets. Project TND was initially created for high-risk students attending alternative or continuation higher schools. It has been adapted and tested among students attending conventional higher schools as well. Project TND’s lessons are presented over a four to six week period. Project TND received a score of 3.1 (out of four.0) on readiness for dissemination by NREPP. System Components–Project TND was created to fill a gap in substance abuse prevention programming for senior high college youth. Project TND addresses 3 key risk factors for tobacco, alcohol, and also other drug use, violence-related behaviors, as well as other challenge behaviors amongst youth. These consist of motivation things which include attitudes, beliefs,Kid Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. Author manuscript; out there in PMC 2011 July 1.Griffin and BotvinPageand expectations regarding substance use; social, self-control, and coping abilities; and decision-making abilities with an emphasis on ways to make decisions that cause healthpromoting behaviors. Project TND is primarily based on an underlying theoretical framework proposing that young people at danger for substance abuse won’t use substances if they 1) are aware of misconceptions, myths, and misleading facts about drug use that leads to use; two) have sufficient coping, self-control, as well as other capabilities that help them decrease their danger for use; 3) know about how substance use might have negative consequences each in their own lives as within the lives of other individuals; four) are aware of cessation approaches for quitting smoking as well as other types of substance use; and 5) have superior decision-making abilities and are in a position to make a commitment to not use substances. Plan supplies for Project TND include things like an implementation manual for providers covering directions for each in the 12 lessons, a video on how substance abuse can impede life objectives, a student workbook, an optional kit containing evaluation supplies, the book The Social Psychology of Drug Abuse, and Project TND outcome articles. Plan Providers and Education Requirements–A one- to two-day training workshop conducted by a certified trainer is advisable for teachers prior to implementing Project TND. The education workshops are developed to develop the abilities that teachers require to provide the lessons with fidelity, and inform them of the theoretical basis, system content material, instructional methods, and objectives from the system.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptEvidence of Effectiveness–In support from the good quality of analysis on Project TND, the NREPP web web site lists 5 peer-reviewed outcome papers with study populations consisting of mostly Hispanic/Latino and White youth, in addition to 4 replication research. Across three randomized RAF709 trials, students in Project TND schools exhibited a 25 reduction in prices of difficult drug use relative to students in handle schools at the one-year follow-up; moreover, those that employed alcohol prior to the intervention exhibited a reduction in alcohol use prevalence of amongst 7 and 12 relative to controls. In a study testing a revised 12session TND curriculum, students in Project TND PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20483746 schools (relative to students in handle schools) exhibited a reduction in cigarette use of 27 at the one-year follow-up and 50 in the two-year follow-up, a reduction in marijuana use of 22 in the one-year follow-up, and in the two-year follow-up students in TND schools have been about one fifth as likel.